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Pingala Chandas Shastra Pdf Download

Pingala Chandas Shastra Pdf Download

Pingala Chandas Shastra is an ancient treatise on Sanskrit prosody, written by the mathematician and poet Pingala. It is the earliest known work on the subject, and it contains many insights into the patterns and structures of poetic metres, as well as the use of binary numbers and combinatorics.

In this article, we will provide a brief overview of Pingala's work, and also share a link to download a PDF version of the Chandas Shastra for free.


Who was Pingala?

Pingala was a scholar who lived around the 3rd or 2nd century BCE in India. He is considered to be the author of the Chandas Shastra, also known as the Pingala Sutras, a text that deals with the rules and principles of Sanskrit prosody. Prosody is the study of the rhythms and patterns of speech and poetry, such as syllables, feet, and metres.

Pingala is also credited with being one of the first to use binary numbers, which are numbers composed of only two digits: 0 and 1. He used binary numbers to represent the different types of syllables in Sanskrit poetry: short (laghu) and long (guru). He also devised a method to enumerate all possible combinations of syllables in a given metre, using what is now known as Pingala's formula. He also discovered a sequence of numbers that is related to the Fibonacci numbers, which he called mātrāmeru.

Pingala's work influenced many later scholars in India and beyond, such as Halayudha, Hemachandra, Bhaskara II, Fibonacci, Pascal, and Leibniz.

What is the Chandas Shastra?

The Chandas Shastra is a text that consists of eight chapters, written in the form of sutras. Sutras are concise and aphoristic statements that convey complex ideas in a minimal way. The Chandas Shastra covers various aspects of Sanskrit prosody, such as:

  • The definition and classification of metres (chandas).

  • The rules for constructing and analyzing metres.

  • The methods for counting and enumerating metres.

  • The relation between metres and musical notes (svara).

  • The relation between metres and meanings (artha).

  • The relation between metres and emotions (bhava).

  • The relation between metres and gods (devata).

  • The relation between metres and planets (graha).

The Chandas Shastra is not easy to understand without a commentary, as it uses many technical terms and symbols. The most famous commentary on Pingala's work is by Halayudha, who lived in the 10th century CE. Halayudha's commentary explains Pingala's sutras in detail, and also provides many examples of poetic metres from various sources.

How to download Pingala Chandas Shastra PDF?

If you are interested in reading Pingala's work on Sanskrit prosody, you can download a PDF version of the Chandas Shastra for free from this link: [Chhanda Sutra - Pingala]. This PDF file contains the original Sanskrit text of Pingala's sutras, along with Halayudha's commentary and an English translation by B.K. Dalai. The file size is about 15 MB, and it has 304 pages.

We hope you enjoy reading Pingala's masterpiece on Sanskrit prosody, and appreciate his contributions to mathematics and poetry.


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